USDA’s updated Crop Progress report June 2, 2019, isn’t a pretty picture for farmers throughout the Midwest corn-belt states. The report shows significant shortfalls in the planting of both corn and soybeans for this time of year, according to MFB Associate Field Crops Specialist Theresa Sisung.
“The record-breaking rainfall this spring is taking a heavy toll on planting progress in Michigan and throughout major corn and soybean producing regions,” Sisung said. “Corn and soybeans continued to be well below the five-year planting average.”
Michigan Planting Progress
Many Michigan farmers are facing a critical June 5 “Planting Date” decision for corn. That’s the designated date when farmers with crop insurance policies in effect will be forced to make the tough decision of whether to attempt planting a corn crop at the risk of reduced and unprofitable yields or file a prevented planting claim and simply not plant a corn crop. They’ll face the same dilemma for soybeans with a June 15 Planting Date.
According to Sisung, some Michigan farmers were able to begin harvesting their first cutting crops of alfalfa, but most fields were still too wet to put any equipment on.
Wheat fields are also beginning to show signs of disease, and the oversaturated soil was preventing producers from being able to spray them.
Nationally, the USDA’s Crop Progress revealed the percent of corn acres planted at 67%, down 29% from the five-year average of 96% complete. U.S. farmers have planted 62 million acres of corn and 31 million acres remain to be planted. Planting is the most delayed in the states of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois and South Dakota.
For soybeans, planting is 39% complete, down 40% from the 5-year average of 79% complete. Farmers have planted 33 million acres of soybeans and have 52 million acres remaining to be planted. A map showing the percent planted minus the five-year average is below. Planting is the most delayed in South Dakota, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio.